Chardonnay – Barrel Fermented

Paumanok Chardonnay BF

Chardonnay – Barrel Fermented

Country USA
Region Long Island
Producer Paumanok
Size

750mL

Style White
Practices Sustainable
Grapes Chardonnay
Other Features Screw Cap

100% Chardonnay, harvested mid-September. The fruit was loaded directly in the press to avoid phenolic extraction. The free run juice was clarified in stainless steel tanks under refrigeration. Only free run juice was used to make this wine. The clear juice was inoculated with the CY 3079 yeast strain, isolated in Burgundy in barrel fermentation. This is a slow acting yeast, used in order to preserve as much of the fruitiness as possible.  The fermenting must was then transferred to French oak barrels (80% neutral, 20% three year old), where alcoholic fermentation was completed. Thereafter the wine was inoculated with oenococcus oeni to promote the malolactic fermentation. At the same time the barrels were stirred to keep the lees in suspension. The result is that the yeast cells, that have now finished their fermenting task, begin to absorb the heavier oak flavors. In the end the yeast cells go through autolysis, which gives a certain creaminess to the wine. This process is performed to both avoid a reductive character in the wine and tone down the oakiness: the oak plays a supporting role, integrating well with the fruit rather than being featured as a recognizable component of the wine. The wine was bottled early June and sealed with a screw cap to preserve freshness and cleanliness. 12.5% alcohol. 578 cases produced.

Attractive aromas of apple, yeast and butterscotch. Medium-bodied with rich melon and apple flavors and a crisp, balanced finish.

Vintage notes: “The 2016 growing season got off to a slow start as it remained unseasonably cool through April and the first half of May. Warmer weather in the summer months allowed the vineyard to catch up and we ended up harvesting around our usual harvest dates for whites in September and for reds in October. 2016 will be remembered for extremely dry weather during the growing season. Only 2.3 inches of rain fell from June through mid-August. An otherwise beautiful growing season in terms of sun, heat and breezy weather was challenged by high humidity and a drought that started in the spring and lasted through mid-August. Rains later in August brought much needed relief from the drought. September rains were unwanted but manageable. The biggest threat to the vintage, Hurricane Matthew, blew out to sea in early October. Yields were below normal, but quality was high.”

  

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About the Producer

Paumanok is a Native American name for Long Island, and is used by the great poet Walt Whitman to describe this special place in his 1860 poem "Starting from Paumanok”. Located in Aquebogue, the 127 acre estate was founded in the spring of 1983 by Ursula and Charles Massoud. Born and raised in the "Old World" - Charles in Lebanon and Ursula in the Pfalz, Germany - wine had always been a part of their lives. They dreamed of becoming vintners themselves. After reading about pioneers Alex and Louisa Hargrave, they visited them, fell in love with the North Fork, and luck stroke a few years later when they found their property. Today, the estate is run by their son Kareem (winemaker), who after a brief career as a private equity analyst returned to his family's estate winery. Kareem's brothers are also on board: Nabeel is the vineyard manager, and Salim oversees administrative functions.

The 32 hectares of vineyards are exclusively planted with premium vinifera varieties: Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Albariño, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot and Malbec, with the recent addition of Pinot Noir for sparkling wines. In May 2020, 0.4ha were planted with Melon de Bourgogne, to complete the Loire varieties successfully growing on the property. The traditional dense planting of the vineyards at 1100 to 1400 vines per acre produces more concentrated fruit and therefore higher quality wines. All wines are made with estate fruit and the production is limited to fewer than 12,000 cases. The winery is a renovated turn-of-the-century barn that houses a fermentation tank room and lab. The spacious tasting room was built on top of the barrel cellar and an inviting deck overlooks the vineyards.

The terroir in general is defined by the prevailing maritime climate and sandy, loamy soils. In the winter, the bodies of waters surrounding Paumanok act as giant heat sinks insulating the vineyards from the extreme lows measured further inland. In the summer, they act as coolers moderating the heat experienced in the city and inland. At harvest, Paumanok often experiences an "Indian Summer" elongated by the maritime climate. The topography on the North Fork is primarily flat, and very similar to Bordeaux. Success as a wine-growing region is due to particularly good drainage, which is the case at Paumanok Vineyards: the top soils are sandy loam with sandy, gravelly subsoils. Even after heavy rains, there is no standing water. The third aspect of terroir is the human component. On Long Island, most winegrowers have concluded that viticultural practices such as maintaining an open canopy and leaf removal to expose the fruit are critical to achieving their goal of growing the healthiest, ripest fruit obtainable.

Farming/sustainability practices: Paumanok is certified sustainable by Long Island Sustainable Winegrowing (LISW). LISW is the first organization of its kind on the east coast and is modeled off of similar organizations on the west coast such as Oregon LIVE and Lodi Rules. Since 2017, the winery is 100% solar powered - while they are still connected to the grid, their annual consumption is 100% off-set  by the solar electricity generated by their panels.

Paumanok
New York Wines, Wineries, Wine Making History of New York - Charles Massoud
Click here for Kareem Massoud's interview, "Vineyard Chat" with Jeff Harding

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