Bouches du Rhône Blanc – Petit Salé
60% Clairette from vines planted in 1954, 2010 and 2011 with a touch of Ugni Blanc planted in 1956 and Vermentino planted in 2012. Stony clay-limestone soils, with West/Northwest exposure, at 380 meters high. Yields are 65 hectoliters/hectare. “Petit Salé” (little salty) is the local name given to the Clairette grape. It refers to the small little white dots present on the grape and also to its slightly saline taste. The grapes were destemmed and gently crushed. Maceration on the skins at 41F followed by extraction with a pneumatic press. Fermentation at temperature controlled (64F to 73F) with malolactic fermentation blocked in order to maximize the freshness. Cold stabilized. Aged in concrete tanks before bottling in February. Pale color, fine bouquet with a floral and mineral character and notes of white peach and lemon. Lively on the palate, a precise wine, influenced by limestone and flint, delightfully fresh. 11% Alcohol. About 35,000 bottles produced.
About the Producer
Raimond de Villeneuve's impressively beautiful, biodynamic vineyard is situated in an amphitheater, thus having a very special microclimate. Château de Roquefort is at an altitude of 1000 feet, allowing later harvesting, which results in more freshness and greater phenolic maturity, and therefore more complexity than is usual in Provençal wines. The 29 hectare of vineyards are located on the edge of the Bandol appellation - just over the ridge, so Mourvèdre does not ripen there as well as in Bandol (it is a difficult grape to ripen), so it is not the focus. One third of the vines are over 40 year old, with the rest ranging between 15 and 40. De Villeneuve is well-educated, well-traveled and with previous experience in the trade, having worked for Mommessin in Burgundy. This experience shows in the quality of the wines and the refined beauty of the package. He came back to his old family property in 1995, and his first vintage under the Château name was in 1998; previously the wines were sold in bulk. Raimond is an open-minded winemaker and taster, striving for quality and willing to honestly assess his wines. As well, he is always experimenting; after planting Cabernet Franc, he is now trying Portuguese varieties.
His talent has been recognized by Michel Bettane, calling him one of the finest winemakers in Provence: "incontestably, one of the great hopes of the Côtes de Provence... the wines perfectly combine ample and intense fruit with a rich and silky body. The wines of Roquefort possess a hedonistic character that will make you immediately rejoice."
Farming/vinification practices: Certified Organic. The different varieties are always co-fermented.
Vintage report 2014: "Beautiful but capricious”. "Capricious because of the weather: it was the warmest year in more than 100 years, and yet the summer was quite moderate. It was also a very wet year, with heavy rain in January and February, and with further downpours from August through the end of December. 1300mm of water per square meter, that’s simply huge! From September 17th to October 10th, we harvested, after selection, 192 tons of grapes. On four occasions our work was interrupted by heavy rain! At times we seemed to be in an almost subtropical atmosphere, and then our sainted Mistral blew and brought us clear skies … Memory has a knack of quietly eliminating the moments of fear, of pain … but it doesn’t stop us from trembling at the approach of danger, like a dog when its hair stands on end! That’s rather how we felt during the course of this vintage. And as if to add a little more spice to life, a little wine fly called Drosophilia Suzuki, originating in Asia, came to join the fun ! So we had to be in a particularly combative state of mind for this, our 20th harvest, a winemaker’s vintage par excellence!"
Vintage report 2016: "When I think about all the climatic ups and downs suffered by agriculture in 2016, I consider myself quite happy! The number of grape bunches was plentiful and by the end of summer one could certainly see the effects of the lack of rain and of any cooler periods. All together, the rainfall was not really short at 756 mm, but the few summer showers fell elsewhere, depriving us of those moments of relief, and the Mistral was particularly tough ! And then, after a long wait, when all hope had gone and even the fig trees foliage was drooping, on September 14th a lovely downpour, coming in from the sea, saved us ! 65 mm of pure magic for the whole of nature. Finally, on the 19th of September, the harvest started, finishing with our beautiful Clairettes on the 11th of October."
Château de Roquefort